Cerita Patani dan Kelantan
text notes
list of words


H.  Marriott, “A Fragment of the History of Trengganu and Kelantan”, Journal of the Straits Branch, Royal Asiatic Society,
no.  72, 1916, pp. 13-23.


  p. 13 
In the name of Allah the Merciful and Compassionate, the Lord
to whom belongs majesty and glory.  This is a story related by old
men, partly derived from the annals of Petani and Kelantan and
partly from the annals of Sultan Mansur the Great the son of
Zainalabidin the son of Abdulmajid, from the time when he went
to Petani to the time when his son Sultan Zainalabidin went to
Kelantan and stayed in Besut.  Now the Rajas of Kelantan sprang
from Dato’ Wan who was called Raja of Petani after the time of
  p. 14 
Baginda Nam Chayam.  Dato’ Wan’s son was Dato’ Pengkalan Tua
and the latter had three sons, Dato’ Pasir, Tuan Besar and Tuan
Lun Nik.  Dato’ Pasir remained in Petani and the other two came
to Kelantan, but at that time there was no Raja in Kelantan.  After
they were settled in Kelantan Dato’ Pasir had a son Lun Pandak;
Tuan Besar had a son Lun Nik, and Lun Nik had two daughters
and a son, Lun Yunus.  Tuan Besar told Lun Nik to stay in
Kelantan as he intended to make an expedition to the islands.  It
is not certain where he went, but suddenly there came news of his
death.  A certain Raja of Legeh conquered the country.  He was
called Baginda Lun Drahman, a brother of Lun Man and nephew
of the Dato’ of Pujud.  While in Legeh Lun Drahman had a son
named Lun Nik.  After this Lun Drahman came with all his forces
to Kelantan and there married a daughter of Lun Nik and so
closely related himself to Lun Yunus.  Not long after he quarrelled
with his father-in-law and in the fight that ensued Lun Drahman
got the worst of it.  Not long after they fought again and once
more he was defeated by his father-in-law.  After a time he
quarrelled again with his father-in-law who would not allow him a
share in the government of the country.  Lun Drahman still sought
means to increase his power and, another, fight followed in which
the father-in-law was worsted.  So Lun Drahman killed his father-
in-law and obtained possession of Kelantan.  Lun Yunus retired
to Trengganu and lived at Bukit Dato’ and there he took to himself
a concubine.  From there he moved to Losong where a son named
Lun Muhammad was born to him.  He subsequently married Tuan
Inche’ Jumat, the eldest daughter of Ungku Tenang Wangsa.  By
her he had children, Inche’ Wan Teh, Inche’ Wan Ngah and Tuan
Dagang.  After Baginda Lun Drahman had obtained possession of
Kelantan he appointed Lun Pandak as his representative to rule in
Kelantan and himself returned to Legeh.  In A.H. 1186 (A.D.
1771) a letter came from the Dato’ of Jeram to Sultan Mansur
asking for help and offering to accompany Sultan Mansur if he
wished to acquire Pujud.  At this time Sultan Mansur’s age was
57.  Sultan Mansur equipped a fleet consisting of several scores of
vessels and proceeded to Petani taking Lun Yunus with him. 
When they arrived at Penarik in Petani- in the district of Ru
Sarang Lang he landed and the Dato’ of Jeram gave suitable
presents to the Raja to further his project.  The Sultan then
ordered Inche’ Aim of Losong and Bandar Abdul Muluk to go to the
Dato’ of Pujud and inform him that the Sultan and his chiefs
were coming to look into the affairs of Pujud.  When these two
men had conveyed this information to the Dato’ he told them to
make this humble reply to the Sultan: “It is better for Your
Highness to go back.  Why follow the wishes of another? I am
ready to follow your own wish but if you wish to follow that of
another, even so Pujud will not be won.  If Your Highness desires
merely to see the contest, match me with my enemy from the West. 
Whoever is defeated, Your Highness can adopt and cherish his
  p. 15 
victor.”  At the same time he sent to the Sultan a present of 30
tahils of gold ore and in addition several buffaloes and bullocks and
goats and several loads of rice and other things much exceeding the
presents of the Dato’ of Jeram.  And each of the men who carried
the presents was careful to take with him a bundle of spears.  So
there was no invasion of Pujud and the expedition returned to
Trengganu.  When it was known that Baginda Lun Drahman was
in Legeh and that Lun Pandak alone remained in Kelantan Lun
Yunus was very anxious to take Kelantan and asked permission of
Sultan Mansur to do so.  The Sultan granted his request and
allowed the Dato’ Temenggong to accompany him.  When the
expedition was ready they set out with a large force.  When they arrived
in Kelantan they seized the country and Lun Pandak retired to
Legeh and’ Lun Yunus obtained possession of Kelantan.  The
Temenggong returned to Trengganu and shortly after Baginda Lun
Drahman came with a large force to recover Kelantan from Lun
Yunus.  Lun Yunus retired to Trengganu (according to some
accounts after an unsuccessful resistance) and Lun Drahman asked
whether it was a manly act to seize his country when his back was
turned.  When Sultan Mansur heard the news he sent Inche’ Kadir
to Baginda Lun Drahman bidding him get ready as His Highness
was coming to take Kelantan.  Lun Drahman replied that he was
glad to hear it as otherwise he would himself have had to go and
take Trengganu.  So Sultan Mansur collected 80 vessels and several
thousands of soldiers were sent overland.  The fleet sailed and when
they had reached Stiu news was received that Baginda Lun
Drahman had reached Telaga Tujoh with several thousands of his
subjects fully equipped to attack Trengganu, and there could be seen
many persons on the shore but it was doubtful whether they were
enemies or friends.  So Inche’ Dahmad was ordered to go ashore and
investigate.  Suddenly Lun Drahman approached in a boat manned
bv 13 men; and some say that because of the bold and fearless
manner of his approach, half the fleet began to pull up their anchors
in their anxiety; but the other story is as follows:– many people
had gone to the Sultan’s vessel and the Sultan enquired who would
go ashore to find out the truth of the news, but no one replied; the
Sultan looked at Wan Muhammad of Stiu who was sitting in the
bow of the Sultan’s vessel and told him to come forward.  Wan
Muhammad came as far as the foremast and the Sultan told him
to come on.  Wan Muhammad approached and the Sultan asked
him if he would go ashore and see if the news about Lun Drahman
was true.  He replied that he would not refuse to do anything that
the Sultan ordered.  So the Sultan ordered him to go.  He saluted
the Sultan and got into a boat and told his children that he did not
know whether he would ever return.  He then sailed to the shore
and the people on shore would have fired on him but refrained as
they said he might be the bearer of a message.  When he landed he
met Baginda Lun Drahman himself.  Baginda Lun Drahman
addressed him by name, and coming close up to him said “I put my
  p. 16 
life into your hands.”  Wan Muhammad replied “Your slave does
the same.  His life is in your hands and at your feet.”  When they
had thus confided in one another, Baginda Lun Drahman said that
if Wan Muhammad would answer for the anger of His Highness
he would go and see him, and Wan Muhammad accepted the
responsibility.  They then got into the boat paddled by 13 men and
rowed straight to the Sultan’s vessel.  When they reached it, they
were both allowed to go on board.  When they sat down before the
Sultan, Baginda Lun Drahman presented the kris at his waist to
the Sultan and the Sultan pulled off his coat and gave it to Baginda
Lun Drahman, at the same time asking him the cause of the trouble
in Kelantan.  He replied that he submitted to the Sultan, but
requested that during his lifetime he might rule on behalf of the
Sultan.  Sultan Mansur agreed to this and made him a present of
a chest of opium.  Baginda Lun Drahman then respectfully
withdrew and returned in his boat to Legeh with all bis followers. 
Sultan Mansur proceeded to Kelantan and made Lun Yunus Raja
Muda of Kelantan under Lun Pandak.  At this time the Sultan
wished to take to wife Tang Snik the daughter of Lun Dil of
Pulau Beluru.  So he took her to wife and she bore to him Tengku
Ahmad.  After this he went back to Trengganu.  Not long after
the news came that Baginda Lun Drahman had gone to Benara for
a cock fight.  He was letting go his bird after the spurs had been
fixed and was bending down to blow up the feathers, when it slipped
from his hands and a spur struck Lun Drahman’s head.  Lun
Drahman told his attendants to take away the bird as he said that
his seer had foretold that he would not be wounded, but that if he
was wounded he would die.  So he returned to Legeh and became
ill with another sickness and shortly after died.  When the Raja
Muda of Kelantan got the news he went over to assist in the
matter of Lun Drahman’s death.  While the Raja Muda was in
Kelantan there were born to him five sons by his concubine; Lun
Yusuf, Lun Zainal, Inche’ Ku Pelembang (daughter), Lun Tan,
Lun Ismail, and Lun Pandak.  And the Raja Muda was as it were
a constable in Kelantan for Sultan Mansur, being under Lun
Pandak only, at the time of Baginda Lun Drahman’s death.  Not
long after the Raja Muda got into trouble on account of his
government and there was anger in Trengganu about it, so he was
recalled to Trengganu and ordered to live near Bukit Jalan Kaliran,
but shortly after he moved to Beladu and during this period Lun
Pandak alone carried on the government of Kelantan.  Not long
after Lun Pandak rebelled and refused to recognise the
government of Trengganu.  Thereupon the Sultan ordered his fleet to
be got ready to invade Kelantan.  It was very nearly the twelfth
moon when the fleet consisting of 80 vessels set sail and anchored
in the harbour, and daily it grew nearer to the stormy season.  The
Dato’ Temenggong went to the Sultan and said that in his opinion
it was very near to the time when the river would be closed and
that they had better return home.  The Sultan however gave no
  p. 17 
answer, so the Temenggong came a second time and said “With
regard to Kelantan let me and my three brothers, Raja Muda, Raja
Besut and To’ Limbat go to Kelantan.  If we do not get Kelantan
we will not come back to Trengganu but will go on the pilgrimage
to Mecca.”  The Sultan agreed and he respectfully withdrew and
the four of them went to their boats and set sail.  They were
accompanied by many other vessels and when near to Kelantan they
saw a number of stockades along the sea shore.  The Raja Muda
and To’ Limbat went ashore leaving the Temenggong in his boat. 
“To all the commanders of the stockades the Raja Muda apportioned
presents of cloth and coats and trowsers and at the same time he
gave them advice saying “What are you doing in guarding these
stockades against this expedition which is now at sea? His
Highness owns Kelantan and Lun Pandak is only the representative of
the late Lun Drahman.  Will you not all get the reputation of
being rebels against His Highness?” They considered that this
was true and they agreed to be faithful subjects to His Highness,
and the Temenggong’s boat came in and reported to His Highness
who was at sea.  He then came in and when the Raja Muda heard
the royal commands they went up river, and when they met the
enemy there was a fight and many people were killed and wounded. 
Lun Pandak retired and fled.  When Kelantan was regained the
Raja Muda was made Raja in Kelantan.  Not long after he had
returned to Trengganu, Inche’ Wan Teh being now grown up,
Sultan Mansur married her to his son Tungku Muhammad.  In
due time she bore a son Tungku Sulong.  After the sovereignty of
the country had been settled Sultan Mansur decided to make a
large palace on ten pillars.  So lie sent for the Raja Muda of
Kelantan to collect the necessary timber.  The Raja Muda came
with about a thousand men and stayed at Pasir Sebrang in many
sheds and huts.  The timber was collected in Sungei Nerus and when
it was all got the Raja Muda asked permission to return to Kelantan
as he was anxious about the country and he asked that one of the sons
of His Highness should be sent to be a good steel blade in Kelantan. 
After he had been back some time and when Tungku Sulong was
six or seven years old, Sultan Mansur equipped a vessel to take his
son Tungku Muhammad with his wife and child and their retainers
to Kelantan.  At this time Sultan Mahmud of Lingga was in
Trengganu and he accompanied the expedition.  When the
expedition reached Kelantan, Tungku Muhammad was dressed in state
clothes belonging to Sultan Mahmud.  He was overcome with a
fit of shivering and seemed about to faint.  Sultan Mahmud
supported him and when he was composed it was proclaimed that His
Highness the great Sultan had granted to his son Tungku
Muhammad the title of His Highness of Kelantan and when the Sultan
was about to return home he gave to Inche’ Wan Teh the title of
Inche’ Puan of Kelantan.  Then Sultan Mansur returned to
Trengganu and Sultan Mahmud returned to Lingga.  Three
months later Sultan Mansur fell sick and he sent for His Highness
  p. 18 
of Kelantan.  When the later had reached Batu Rakit, cannon
announced the death of Sultan Mansur which took place at 12 p. m. 
on the eve of Friday the 14th of Jemadalakhir A.H. 1208 (A.D.
1793).  The next day the body was washed and prayers were
recited over it and his son (Zainalabidin) was proclaimed Sultan in
the afternoon.  The body was then carried in procession as befits
a Raja and buried in the mosque.  When the news of the Sultan’s
death reached the Raja Muda he was very grieved and it so changed
his health that people said he showed the effects of the change until
the end of his life.  After eight or nine months in the month of
Safar A.H. 1209 (A.D. 1794) he returned to his maker.  About
eight years after the death of Sultan Mansur the Sultan betrothed
Tungku Sulong to his daughter Tungku Che Muda.  His
Highness of Kelantan made all preparations for the wedding and the
kitchens alone remained to be made.  His Highness ordered Lun
Drahman and Lun Zainal and Tuan Dagang and Lun Dil to remove
and rebuild the house at Kota Tras but from early morning to noon
they did not obey the summons.  Accordingly His Highness sent
Lun Muhammad to see what was the difficulty.  Lun Muhammad
went and found them all taking shelter under a tree.  Lun
Drahman said “How is it that you are doing nothing when His
Highness has ordered you to rebuild the house?” Lun Drahman said
“Come here.”  So Lun Drahman went to him.  Then Lun Zainal
said “What do you think of these Trengganu men coming here?
Do you think we shall be lean or fat? It is Tengku Che’ Muda
who has come and he has brought with him Lun Mydin and Lun
Daud, whose father you killed: the others do not count.”  Lun
Muhammad replied “What single resource have I got?” and they
said “That does not matter as long as we are all agreed” and Lun
Muhammad replied “If that is so, I will fall in with the general
opinion.”  After this each came up with such weapons as he had
but there was only one flask of gunpowder.  Then Lun Muhammad
went back to His Highness who asked him for his report.  He told
His Highness that all of them were sick, some with head-aches and
some with stomach-aches, and that the house was not yet pulled
down.  In the meantime the Trengganu fleet arrived with all the
paraphernalia for the wedding and with many women.  His
Highness of Kelantan went on board the Sultan’s vessel and told him
all about the house etc.  Then His Highness of Kelantan returned. 
The Sultan ordered Tuan Syed Akil and Bandar Abdul Muluk
and the Dato’ Mata-mata Inche’ Saleh to call Lun Muhammad. 
When they met him and gave him the Sultan’s summons Lun
Muhammad answered “I respect the summons, and you who bring
it here are as fathers to me.  His Highness of Kelantan promised
to take me with him to the Sultan, but he has already gone to the
Sultan alone.  At this hour, as you see I cannot go; I should be
afraid to go alone and moreover I have a head-ache.”  It was
evening and the messengers went back and told the Sultan.  The
Sultan then changed his plans and thought it would be better to
  p. 19 
have the wedding in Trengganu, for he said that if Lun Muhammad
came there was not likely to be any trouble with the others.  So
he ordered His Highness of Kelantan and Inche’ Puan to be told
to get their things on board.  After Syed Akil and his companions
had returned from summoning Lun Muhammad, Lun Muhammad
went to His Highness of Kelantan and informed him of the Sultan’s
summons.  His Highness of Kelantan told him that he had better
go to the Sultan.  He replied “If Your Highness goes I will go
with you.”  But His Highness said “If I do not go it does not
matter.”  Lun Muhammad went back and induced his friends and
four or five young Rajas who sided with him to accompany him
until he had a following of four or five hundred men.  Inche’
Rashad said “Who are these trying to set the Sultan’s boat adrift?”
and when they came to the Sultan he said “Well, Lun Muhammad,
you have come at last,” and not a drop of coffee was served.  Not
many hours later Lun Muhammad retired and shortly after a
cannon was fired from Pulau Sabar, and that night the Sultan
ordered boats to go up river to bring down all the women.  As they
went the noise of timber-cutting was heard and the glimmer of,
lights was seen.  The next day when the women were being brought
down a stockade was seen.  So the boats with all the women
proceeded down river and joined the Sultan’s vessel.  The next day,
Friday morning, a cannon was fired from Syed Akil’s boat in the
direction of Kampong Laut and Pulau Sabar.  All the boats then
fired their cannon that Friday from morning until evening, but
there were only occasional replies from the enemy and at night the
firing ceased.  Next morning the firing was resumed and a shot
came in the direction of Tikat from Syed Osman’s boat and fell on
Tungku Che Muda’s boat.  This caused great consternation and
there was as great confusion as if there were desertion to the enemy. 
When the Sultan was informed he replied that he had not come
prepared for war but for a wedding and that as there appeared to
be a hitch in the proceedings they had better go back to Trengganu. 
The firing then ceased and by the help of God the Sultan suffered no
losses amongst his people except that one man who was steering the
boat of Wan Muhammad of Kebur was shot in the mouth and killed. 
The Sultan’s fleet then, sailed out and went to Trengganu.  When
the two rulers arrived back in Trengganu the wedding of Tungku
Che Muda was not proceeded with that year and the only business
was that of the next year’s war and the increase and improvement
of weapons.  Messages were also sent to Petani asking for help
from Dato’ Lun Ismail, and in the second year when the harbours
were open, they collected the young Rajas who were going by land
with their penghulus and followers, viz.  Ungku Muda, Tuan Inche’
Kepong, Tuan Jamal Maras, Tuan Sulaiman, Tuan Mahamud and
Inche’ Ungku Long.  They were followed by boats with
ammunition and other things, as a reserve against a shortage.  The fighting
penghulus with their followers who were taken were Inche’ Udin
of Serada and Penghulu Bahrul of Serada and Penghulu Deman
  p. 20 
and Pa’ Sulong of Dunah and the keeper of the war flags was
Penghulu Sapai of Pertang.  All of them had hundreds of followers
and Inche’ Udin had a thousand followers.  When they were all
ready to start the Sultan sailed with his young Rajas and great
men and with a large number of boats of all descriptions.  The
expedition stopped at Besut and waited several days for the boat
of Inche’ Aim of Losong as he was sick.  The Sultan amused
himself by going backwards and forwards to Besut while waiting for
news of Panglima Prang Inche’ Abdullah, who had gone in a boat
to Petani to see if Dato’ Lun Ismail would collect his fleet. 
Suddenly Inche’ Aim came from Trengganu and roused his
Highness by asking if they were going to wait on account of two men
before they attacked the country.  The Sultan then hastily proceeded
in the fishing boat named ‘Bujang Sa’ribu’ and thence sailed to
Kelantan.  The fleet which accompanied the Sultan went right to
Kelantan but the Sultan himself stopped at Pulau Ketitir in Sungei
Pinang.  Now those who had travelled overland had already got
into touch with the enemy and after stockade fighting for about
twenty days the enemy had retired and made a stand at Lubok
Limau Nipis.  The stockade at Semerak was captured and then
Lubok Limau Nipis was attacked and in the end similarly captured. 
The enemy then retired to Kubu Kandih and it was also captured
and the enemy retired and made a stand at the stockade of Klun
Tarak in Kelantan.  This stockade was in turn attacked and here
the attackers were supported by the fleet attacking the villages
alongside the river in Kelantan, only seven or eight boats remaining
to guard the Sultan’s vessel at Pulau Ketitir.  After the fighting
had lasted several days Lun Muhammad gave a letter to Ungku
Muda saying that he was retiring to Sukui and asking for pardon
and requesting that he should not be followed to Sukui as he would
no longer be a rebel against the descendants of the late Sultan. 
He added that if he rebelled again he trusted that he and his
descendants might be entirely ruined.  After Lun Muhammad had
retired to Sukui, Inche’ Udin of Serada met the royal ladies who
had fled on elephants with their husbands and Inche’ Udin said he
would capture them and hand them over to his penghulu.  His
children tried to dissuade him but he would not listen to them. 
Suddenly Inche’ Udin met the husband of the ladies with a lot of
their people.  These rescued the ladies and after a fight Inche’
Udin and fifty or sixty of his followers were killed.  At this place
Inche’ Lok made Inche’ Ahmad bin Isahak get up and said “Where
are the rest of the men who gorge their food by trays full at the
palace?” Inche’ Ahmad rushed with Inche’ Sharif of Pulau
Ketam in order to thrust a spear at Lun Dil who was on an
elephant.  They were shot at from the elephant and missed but the
driver of the elephant stabbed Inche’ Ahmad and Inche’ Sharif
from underneath the elephant and both were killed, and the
fugitives went on to Sukui.  After the Kelantan men had retired
to Sukui all those who were fighting on land plundered whatever
  p. 21 
they could get in the way of buffaloes, bullocks etc.  And they
burnt all the houses in the districts of Kenali and Ja Kechil and
Ja Besar and the Balai Jawa at Kampong Raja.  After this they
remained about a month longer in Kelantan.  Altogether
including the time on the road and the time of the actual fighting it was
about five months before those who went by sea reached Trengganu. 
Some time after the war news was received that Lun Muhammad
had retired to Hulni.  And at this time everyone plundered as
much as he could.  After this His Highness of Kelantan moved
from his boat to his house in Kelantan and His Highness of
Trengganu went up stream.  About this time Lun Daud wanted to marry
a daughter of the Orang Kaya of Tandun.  But when he asked
for her her father said that she was already betrothed.  The father
then went to His Highness of Kelantan and His Highness said that
if Lun Daud attempted to get the girl by force he was to resist him,
and, as a sign of His Highness’s authority to do so, he gave him
a spear.  So when Lun Daud came with Lun Mydin and tried
forcibly to carry out his wish the father resisted him with the
emblem of His Highness’s authority.  Lun Daud complained to
His Highness of Trengganu.  The Sultan said “You have come
on a business of life and death, and yet in the matter of a single
person you are making trouble.”  The Sultan then wished to go
back, and leaving only Tungku Ahmad and Tungku Endak he took
with him many good men and followers and waited for Dato’ Lun
Ismail to accompany him in his attack up river.  After the Sultan
had started back the Dato’ came and the Sultan’s commands were
conveyed to him.  So they all went together to attack the stockade
at Pasir Mas.  When they had attacked for a few days there
suddenly came many people of Lun Muhammad’s party supported
by several thousands of Chinese from Galas.  These crept in and
could not be stopped by the Petatii and Trengganu people, and both
those who had come by boat and those who had com" by land had
to retreat.  After they had returned to their counties, in the third
year, there was an armed expedition, but it stopped some days in
Besut.  Here the Sultan was suddenly taken ill and went back. 
After the war was over in A.H. 1217 (A.D. 1802) in the 11th
moon on the 21st of Rejab the wedding of Tungku Che Muda and
Tungku Sulong was celebrated in Trengganu.  In many years they
got no children.  The mother, Inche Puan of Kelantan had only
the one son Tungku Sulong, and Inche’ Wan Teh [sic] the younger
sister of Inche’ Puan, had a daughter named Meriam who married
Tungku Salam.  Tuan Dagang, the younger brother of Inche’ Wan
Ngah had children: Raja Inche’, Raja Mai, Tuan Kechik, Tang
Snik, Lun Drahman, and Tuan Snik of Sungei Pinang.  Lun
Muhammad had no children.  Lun Yusuf had seven children: Lun
Ahmad, Tuan Bulat, Lun Saleh, Lun Omar, Lun Ibrahim, and
two daughters, one Ungku Tiba the wife of Lun Nik Pati the son
of Lun Koris, and the other the wife of Tun Lun Hassan.  Lun
Zainal had five children; Lun Drahman, Ungku Lebai, Ungku
  p. 22 
Tengah, Tuan Kling, and Lun Dris; Inche’ Ungku Pelembang had
no children by her husband Ungku Kakong, and later became the
wife of Ungku Kadir of Besut.  Lun Ismail had three children:
Tun Besar who became Eaja of Petani, Lunk Nik of Kampong
Laut, and Tuan Busu.  Lun Tan had five children: Lun Nik of
Gagap, Tun Snik of Kota, Tuan Snik of Kampong Sireh, Tun
Busu, and a daughter Tuan Besar who became the wife of Tuan
Besar of Petani.  Lun Pandak had one son, Tun Snik of Lebar. 
So Lun Muhammad got back Kelantan in the former war when
he was helped by the Chinese of Galas.  He ruled for several years
and gave to Tuan Dagang the title of Ungku Sewa Raja; Lun
Drahman of Kuala Cha was called Lun Raja; Lun Zainal was
called the Raja Bendahara, and Lun Tan the Raja Temenggong. 
And the reign of Lun Muhammad was established from the 10th
or 11th of Rejab A.H. 1216 (A.D. 1801) to his death at
midnight on the eve of Wednesday the 27th of Safar A.H. 1251 (A.D.
1835).  His reign lasted 34 years 7 months and 7 days, and from
the date of Lun Muhammad’s death his relations allowed Lun
Zainal to be Raja, Lun Ahmad to be Raja Muda, Tuan Snik of
Kota to be Bendahara, Tun Snik of Kampong Sireh to be
Temenggong and Tuan Besar to be Perdana Mantri.  About two months
later, the two Tuan Sniks conspired to seize the kingdom from Lun
Zainal and Lun Ahmad.  So they attacked the Raja’s fort, but
meeting with resistance they retired to Kelupan and admitted their
error.  Lun Ahmad would have crushed them but Lun Zainal
would not allow him and the Siamese intervened.  Then the Tuan
Sniks went to Banggul and made a stockade there, and surrounded
both Lun Zainal and Lun Ahmad in the Raja’s fort, and when they
had been shut up there for about four months Lun Zainal got out
and retired to Benara.  After nearly six months Lun Ahmad
managed to get out and lived at the mosque at Sungei Budul. 
Then he retired to Tumpat, and after forty days Tuan Lonik of
Tapong with Tuan Besar made a stockade at Titian Papan and
attacked the stockade of Tuan Busu of Bachok.  Tuan Besar
induced Lun Ahmad to accompany him to Tumpat.  They came to
Pekan and went to Kampong Bukit but they were pursued by Tun
Snik of Kota and Ungku Sri Mas.  These two met Lun Ahmad
on the hill and fought there for several days until Ungku Sri Mas
was transfixed with a spear by Tuan Bulat the son of Lun Koris. 
He was borne on a litter to Limbat and Kelantan was very nearly
regained by Lun Ahmad owing to the defeat of the other side. 
Then Lun Hamad went to Lekub Titian Papan to seize the stockade
of Tuan Busu of Bachok, when there suddenly came men from
Siam bringing letters appointing Tun Snik of Kampong Sireh as
Raja and Tun Snik of Kota was given the title of Sultan Dewa. 
Then Lun Ahmad realised that however much he resisted he could
get nothing owing to the orders from Siam.  So he went to Bachok
and took boat to Trengganu.  He had not been long in Trenggami
When letters came to Trengganu from Siam ordering Lun Ahmad
  p. 23 
to be removed for fear of a disturbance with Kelantan.  So he was
removed to Kemaman.  This collection of tales from the annals
was finished on Sunday the 23rd of Rejab A.H.  1285 (A.D. 1868)
by the hand of Abdullah, a poor and humble mosque official. 
Written on Saturday 16th Shawal A.H. 1293 (A.D. 1876).